According to Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), treating addiction as a criminal matter is ineffective and should instead be viewed as a public health issue.

NIDA aims to advance science on the causes and consequences of drug use and addiction and to apply that knowledge to improve individual and public health.

Volkow referred to the consequences of criminalizing pregnant women for substance use disorders. “These stunning data …

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